Pool party, by Michael S

Intro

It’s been busy in CR and Elastos land.  We’ve a number of important updates about CR Press that we would like to inform the community about, such as a new Biweekly release schedule and the launch of a CR Press Supernode, amongst several other things.

Other articles this week include an English summary of Interim CR Council member Yipeng Su’s post on the CR Forum proposing improvements to CR and Elastos called “ELIP,” an interview with Kevin and Sunny pertaining to the Manhattan Project, a discussion article around CR leadership and CR ideals, and a repost of our popular website article, “A Game of Manhattan”.

As for Elastos updates, ecosystem partner DMA held a meetup at MIT University. ioeX, another ecosystem partner, will be coming out with a smart housekeeping product. Elastos DX team is aggressively pushing workshops along with tutorials on how to setup a Supernode for DPoS. Antpool has become the next big Bitcoin Mining pool to start merge mining ELA. Supernode Candidate Noderators have teamed with hardware wallet Ellipal for ELA integration in July. Elephant Wallet has created its own Twitter to reach out to the community with updates, and they have also partnered with Ellipal and Noderators.  Finally, similar to CR Press, Elastos weeklies are moving to a biweekly schedule.

Interim CR Council Member Yipeng Su has just created a new post on CR Forum (https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/elip-1-elip-purpose-and-guidlines-for-discussion/1201). Included in this write-up is a rough draft on how proposals need to be submitted in the event that someone wants to change the Elastos at a base level. Bitcoin’s format for improvement proposals is called BIP. Elastos’ is named ELIP. The difference is that ELIP will be fully governed by CR Consensus. Yipeng Su is asking for community feedback on the topic before submitting the document officially.  Read more in our write-up and be sure to voice your opinions, CR community!

Brian Xin of DMA organized a meetup at MIT University. The event was a success. One of the big pieces of news he shared with the community is the adoption of one of his dApps, Metro dApp. There are approximately 500,000 users testing the dApp to date. Uptick is another dApp that the DMA team is looking to build upon in order to take the e-Ticketing industry by storm. And there’s more juicy news.  Watch our news page carefully the be the first to learn about it. Follow DMA through their Twitter (@elastosdma) and Medium page (https://medium.com/@elastosdma).  

Ecosystem partner ioeX has come to agreement with Irish software and hardware development company Xunison. They will work hand-in-hand on the X-Brain product. According to ioeX, “X-Brain is a one-piece smart housekeeper with multiple functions having router, smarthouse, family security and energy management integrated into a single device. Adding ioeX networking function now, you may gain ioeX through sharing bandwidth and storage space”.

Elastos DX team leader, Donnie Bullers, recently posted a tweet regarding the new Elastos Developer Academy. Prospective developers can begin learning how to code on blockchain and Elastos through this portal. Anyone interested can learn more about this here: try.elastos.org/workshop. Another event will be on Wednesday, June 5th at 11:00 AM EST. This free workshop will be about Supernodes. The agenda is as follows:

0. Set up your Private Net

1. Set up ELA Mainchain Node

2. Set up DID Sidechain Node

3. Set up Token Side Chain Node

4. Set up Elastos Carrier Bootstrap Node

5. Register for your Supernode

6. Vote for your Supernode

7. Verify your Supernode is working

Antpool has become the latest top Bitcoin Mining pool to join ELA merge mining. As stated by ELA News, “ELA mainchain now has the 3rd highest hashpower in the world, ranking after BTC and NMC”. The ELA mainchain and network keeps getting safer and more powerful by the week.

The Noderators, a Supernode group comprised of Elastos telegram and Reddit moderators, have teamed up with Hardware Wallet Ellipal. Official ELA integration with the Ellipal wallet will start in July. The Noderators will also be giving out 30 free Ellipal Hardware wallets to people who vote for all three of their nodes.

The popular Elephant Wallet has also joined with the Noderators and Ellipal, promising to integrate Ellipal into their wallet.  They’ve recently created an official Twitter. (@ElaphantTeam) Please check it out to get any official updates from the team regarding their wallet.

-By Jeremy G.

Summary

Read last week’s update on our website:

https://news.cyberrepublic.org/weekly-report-may-27th-2019-2/

Read the last Elastos Weekly Update here:

We have a Cyber Republic Documentation site with relevant introductory information about Cyber Republic, including the constitution, voting and proposals, and leadership.  Check it out here:

https://www.cyberrepublic.org/docs/#/overview/intro

If you have any content you’d like to submit to our team, please email us at:

press@cyberrepublic.org

Analytics:

CR Website:

CR Forum:

CR News Website:

Project Updates

Cyber Republic Website

Git Activity and Updates

CR Press Announcements: New Publishing Schedule, Supernode, Sponsorships, and Website Updates!

The CR News and Social Media team has been working hard to constantly improve the content we provide.  We’ve added a number of things to our website, which we want to be sure to mention, and we’ve a few major announcements.

First, CR Press will be releasing our Updates on a Biweekly basis moving forward.  This will give us a chance to increase content in other areas and devote more energy to building a wider audience.  With that change, we will be releasing articles on our website first, and we will use the new Biweekly Updates to consolidate the most popular articles and summarize important events.  This will also help us in our resource management.

On the topic of resource management, we’ve just released a new page on our website–a Sponsorship Opportunity page both for Individuals and Supernodes.  You can show your support of the ecosystem by helping us fund new projects and ambitions. We’ve fully disclosed our funding and our operations and why we are seeking additional funds on our website.  Read our statement here:

CR Press Sponsors are high-value partners of the Cyber Republic Ecosystem.  The CR Press Team is committed to delivering to readers the highest quality News and Education, the shared influence–the impact of CR Press and Sponsors–will be felt throughout the globe.

Our team built this model of funding to describe exactly what the Cyber Republic community is to Elastos; the People and Supernodes of Cyber Republic are champions and fortresses of the New Internet.  We defend the people, conquer new technologies, and govern wisely through consensus.

Your votes, donations, and node rewards are what will keep our team focused on what is most important: tilling the fields and planting the seeds for a Digital Eden.

We thank you for your support,

The CR Press Team

Please be aware that in line with our mission statement, regardless of donation size, we will remain objective and unbiased in our reporting.

From top to bottom, the levels of Sponsorships that are available to Supernodes are: CR Palaces, CR Citadels, CR Keeps, CR Forts and CR Towers.

For individuals, the levels are:  CR Royalty, CR Barons, CR Knights, CR Soldiers and CR Citizens.

With this Sponsorship Page, we’re thrilled to announce that our first CR Palace sponsor is Sunny Feng Han, Co-Founder of Elastos, and founder of Manhattan Project.  

Sunny has generously offered to sponsor our team a Supernode.  In line with full transparency, our agreement is that Sunny will receive the Supernode Sponsorship Benefits as listed on our website, and in return, Sunny has registered a Supernode on our behalf.  The 5,000 ELA remains his, but the CR Press team will run the hardware, voting campaigns, and manage the rewards.

Every single project within Elastos benefits directly from our efforts, and we believe that partnering directly with individuals and CR ecosystem partners will help unify the community’s commitment to CR.  We hope that even if you cannot donate to us directly, consider voting for our Sponsored Supernode to show your appreciation for our work and efforts. It is registered under the name: “Cyber Republic Press CR新闻团队”

(We have not solidified our Supernode Voter Rewards yet, but it will be comparable to other Supernode Voter Rewards).

Visit the Sponsorship Opportunity pages here, and be sure to read the FAQ that discusses our funding and our efforts, as well as answering the questions that may be on your mind:

Individuals: https://news.cyberrepublic.org/individualsponsors/

Supernodes: https://news.cyberrepublic.org/supernodesponsors/

As for our website, along with a wave of news and information published, we’ve added a notifications system, a plugin for translations, a search function and a way to directly comment on articles.  We are currently building a page to accept submissions and opinions for the community to submit their own articles. Look forward to this, soon!

Is CR Just a Nice Idea?

By Kenneth K

Democracy.  Capitalism.

Communism.  Marxism-Leninism.

The West and the East have come together with a vision to become a completely decentralized and yet unified community organization that will build a new internet with new standards of fairness, safety, and privacy.

It sounds nice, but when put to the test, it seems like a nightmare of conflicting visions.  It often feels impossible to find common ground through the barriers of language and culture, and it is easier to fall to stereotypes that justify our own perspectives.

To the East, the West sows dissent.  We are often lazy, and we often complain.  We are all talk, and we do not do enough.

To the West, the East seems to be corrupt.  The powerful make all the decisions and those who lead are only there because they got lucky—often not being right for the job.

To the West, the East is narrow-minded.  They are selfish, and they change their minds behind closed doors.  They break their promises if it helps their own agendas, and they are sly and untrustworthy.

To the East, the West is filled with short-term thinkers.  We want the front to look nice, with nothing to back it up.  We present things as finished before they are done, and then we complain and point fingers when things fail.

The East will say that they must make the hard decisions by ignoring the cries of the ignorant.

The West will say that there are better ways, and that if the leaders do not listen to the masses, they will fail and the West will leave.

With so much at odds, is CR just a nice idea?  Is there any hope? How far can we really grow if there’s such division at the birth.

My answer?  It begins with leadership. By our “parents”.  Those in charge must demonstrate by their actions and by their words, acceptance and unity.  Show the rest of us how cooperation can bridge cultures. If the leadership cannot do this, then how can they expect the rest of the community to follow?  No matter what niceties they say, about community consensus and openness, if they do not demonstrate this internally, it will never grow beyond a mere fantasy.

I believe that there is fear in both communities.  Since there is little understanding, and a gap in communication and culture, the instinct is to demonize the other.  To announce one as evil, or ignorant, when the truth is both sides are afraid.

The worst decisions are born from fear and contempt.

Rong has set the first good example.  He is “born of two worlds” in that he’s lived and his family has a foot in both the East and the West.  He is the perfect leader for such a dream like CR. But it must extend beyond just Rong Chen. It must extend directly into EF and CR leadership, and he must invite even more representation of all cultures and mindsets into the fold.

Only then can CR represent the entire community and find unity through the example made by our leaders.

ELIP: Elastos Improvement Proposals

Translated and Summarized by Joel

ELIP is a design document that can be submitted to describe new features or a process for the Elastos community.  An ELIP provides concise technical specifications and rationale for new methods.

You can read it in more detail in either English or Chinese here:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1HtFnRY-xqnDTmkMa37vxf97JSFjCcZGC8aIaYsDTriU/edit#heading=h.43lz5g7kzlfv

To join in the discussion on the CR Forums, go here:
https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/elip-1-elip-purpose-and-guidlines-for-disscusion/1201

Find the github here:

https://github.com/cyber-republic/ELIPs/blob/master/ELIP-1_CN.md

This should become the main mechanism for improving Elastos technology and an effective ELIP would be met with majority approval by the community. Therefore, an ELIP will be managed by CR Consensus. Authors of an ELIP have the responsibility to listen to community comments and revise and maintain their ELIP.  

Scope

Elastos is building a blockchain-driven smart World Wide Web. Its infrastructure includes:

  • Blockchain
  • Wallet
  • Network Service
  • Storage Service
  • Application and Runtime

Therefore, the technical scope of ELIP can be in any one or more of these five items. In addition to the Elastos platform technology, improvements can be proposed to the Elastos community through ELIP, including CR suggestions, issues, and processes.

Types

There are three types of ELIPs: standards tracking, process, and informational. The standards tracking ELIP relates to changes in the design and implementation of Elastos infrastructure, which have a global impact, such as the modification of blockchain consensus, the modification of network protocols, and the modification of service interfaces.

The process ELIP describes a process surrounding Elastos, or proposes a change to a process. Implementations may also be proposed in the ELIP, but should not involve changes to the Elastos platform codebase. In general, the process ELIP needs to gain community consensus.

The Informational ELIP describes the design issues of Elastos, or provides general guidelines or information to the Elastos community, but does not propose new features. It does not necessarily need consensus or support from the Elastos community.

Status and workflow

The ELIP process begins with a new idea for Elastos. Each potential ELIP must have an initiator who can initiate a discussion in the forum or mailing list they deem appropriate.  They must build community consensus around an idea. Once the initiator believes that the proposal is likely to be accepted, a copy of the ELIP should be submitted to the CR website.

The ELIP submitted is subject to a preliminary review by CR Secretariat and needs to meet certain minimum standards to be accepted. It may be rejected if the proposal is too unfocused or too broad.

Once the author believes that the draft is mature, and no further modification is needed, the draft ELIP is ready for CRC voting. The CR Secretariat shall process and review the ELIP again so that it falls within specific criteria.  If the ELIP passes the review, it’s submitted to CRC for voting as a normal proposal. The reviewing process should not be longer than one week. Once the ELIP is submitted, the subsequent processing flow is the same as any CR proposal process.

The CRC should complete the vote for the ELIP within one week with the ELIP set for voting as a “Last Call” status, which means that the ELIP is in the public voting period. If the number of negative votes in a week does not reach 10% of the total number of votes, the status of ELIP will be officially accepted. Otherwise, the ELIP is rejected.

The standards tracking ELIP, however, consists of two parts, a design document and a reference implementation. Once the ELIP is accepted, with the same methods as other ELIP acceptance, the reference implementation must be completed, during which the status of the ELIP is “In Progress”. Only when the reference implementation is complete and the completion criteria are reached, the status is changed to final.

During the completion of the reference implementation, if the author finds that the ELIP proposal has defects that need to be corrected, then the ELIP can be updated, and the ELIP is automatically changed to the draft state after the correction, and must once again go through the CR consensus process.

The ELIP can also be deferred. When there is no progress in an ELIP, the ELIP author or CR Secretariat can set the status of the ELIP as deferred. CR Secretariat can set the deferred ELIP back to a draft as needed.

The ELIP can also be replaced by a different ELIP, making the original ELIP obsolete. This may occur in the case of Informational ELIPs. For example, API version 2 can replace API version 1, and the status of the replaced ELIP is superseded.

The flow chart of ELIP processing is as follows:

Rewards

Each ELIP will be rewarded after it is accepted and upon completion. According to the workload and the value of ELIP, the amount could be between 20 ELA and 100 ELA. The author of ELIP proposes the amount to the secretariat when submitting an ELIP. The amount is decided through CR Consensus. An ELIP may also be rejected if the reward is set unreasonably. After the ELIP is accepted, a 50% reward will be issued and when the ELIP is completed, and the remaining 50% will be issued.

A Game of Manhattan

By CR Press

In January of this year, the new Cyber Republic Consensus (CRC) was officially announced to the community. It features Suggestions where any Cyber Republic community member can either upvote or downvote a Suggestion. Suggestions with the most upvotes and community support can then be upgraded into a Proposal, if “championed” by a Council Member. Once championed, the Proposal is reviewed by the three member Interim Council: Kevin Zhang, Feng Zhang and Yipeng Su.

Since late January, there have been three Suggestions that turned into Proposals and were eventually passed: React Native Project (Unity), Hyper Connect, and Elastos Orchard. Each project took weeks or months to turn into a Proposal, along with more waiting time to pass. Currently, some are still waiting on funding. All of these approved projects are funded through the dedicated CR 12 Consensus Node rewards and/or natural inflation of the locked 16.3 million ELA dedicated to the CR.

On May 25, 2019 a suggestion was created by Feng Han, Elastos co-founder, and Kevin Zhang, Interim Council Member, regarding a project with The World Bank and The Manhattan Fund. The Manhattan Fund is an independent entity, separate from Elastos and Cyber Republic, but shares a similar goal. The Manhattan Fund seeks to fund projects to build on the Elastos infrastructure. The suggestion boasted several community upvotes, spirited commentary, and lots of potential for future adoption with the World Bank. However, the next day, the Suggestion turned into a Proposal. This quick turnaround worried some in the community because this Suggestion turned Proposal seemed to  have received special treatment versus others, and Kevin Zhang, being part of the CR Council as well as the Manhattan Fund, was the one championing this Suggestion. To be clear, the Suggestion asked for 100,000 ELA of CR funds, not individual community members’ funds. No one was asked to contribute any ELA, merely to show support for the CRC to approve the funds. However, there were not clear details of how the funds would be used or where the rest of the 1.6M USD value would come from to fund the entire project.

Because CR is not fully launched, all 16.5M ELA gifted by The Elastos Foundation last August are unable to be used until CR goes live with a democratically elected CRC. This is to ensure that the 16.5M ELA are used and controlled by democracy.  The funds being used in current Proposals are from mining rewards and not the 16.5M ELA. No one person can move any ELA from the 16.5M, including the Interim CRC until after the election.

In the Cyber Republic Constitution there is a section that clearly states the issue of Conflict of Interest. Kenneth K, CR Press Team leader, wrote an analysis on the topic of Conflict of Interest and to analyze if this Suggestion applies:

“In the CR Constitution, it has an entire section devoted to Conflict of Interest:

“It states clearly that the Constitution’s purpose here is to, ‘Minimize the possibility of conflicts arising between private interests and Elastos governance duties of Cyber Republic Council Members…publicly disclose their private interests; provide the Elastos community with a mechanism to lodge complaints against Cyber Republic Council Members in case of inadequate disclosures or clear conflicts of interest; provide the resolution of those conflicts by the Elastos Community should they arise.’

“A conflict of interest is: ‘…when he or she exercises an official power, duty or function that provides an opportunity to further their private interests or those of their relatives or friends or to improperly further another person’s private interests.’

“It is the responsibility of the Council Member to, ‘make reasonable efforts to arrange their private affairs in a manner that will prevent the Cyber Republic Council Member from being in a conflict of interest.  Where conflict arise, every Cyber Republic Council Member has a duty to disclose their personal interest that may conflict with the interests of the Cyber Republic…’

“But disclose what, exactly?

“‘Other Blockchain projects that a Cyber Republic Council Member has an interest in; other forms of employment or business activities that Cyber Republic Council Members engage in; and any other forms of income that a Cyber Republic Council Member receives.’

“There is a burden for Council Members to disclose their personal interests, but in a community this new, there is no way that conflicts of interests won’t exist.  That isn’t the problem. Every involved member of the community has taken on multiple hats, and we should not restrict that. Instead, transparency is the solution.

“In this particular case, Kevin has disclosed his roles in all projects, which is positive. However, aside from disclosure, it is in the other areas which may have been breached.

Council Interview:  Kevin Zhang

“‘No Cyber Republic Council Member shall make a decision or participate in making a decision related to the exercise of an official power, duty, or function if the Cyber Republic Council Member knows or reasonably should know that, in the making of the decision, he or she would be in a conflict of interest.’

“And, as if specific to this particular situation, ‘No Cyber Republic Council Member shall allow himself or herself to be influenced in the exercise of a Cyber Republic Council power, duty or function by plans for, or offers of employment…A Cyber Republic Council Member shall recuse himself or herself from any discussion, decision, debate or vote on any matter in respect of which he or she would be in a conflict of interest.’

“By pushing this into a Proposal, has he breached this part of the CR Constitution?

“Summarizing segments of the Constitution on Conflict of Interest further:

“There should be no preferential treatment to any individual or organization, they should not use their position to further their private interests with information that is not available to the public, and that the Cyber Republic Member should not use their position to influence a decision.

“The speed at which this was pushed, quicker than any other Suggestion, makes the bias frustratingly clear.  Regardless of any internal discussion, be it months or years in advance, a Suggestion is supposed to be a community discussion and not a private one.  So, was this pushed through too quickly? Does it represent a conflict of interest or not?

“Shouldn’t the Interim Council members who are voting to fund their own project realize that their leadership role makes the entire system appear corrupt with actions like these, and more time rather than less should be allowed for community discussion?”

Kenneth makes several valid points regarding the issues of Conflict of Interest. Was there preferential treatment for this suggestion turned proposal? Why did this become a Proposal so quickly (less than 24 hours from being a Suggestion)? Interim CR Council members who push their own projects through the CR Consensus could be deemed a conflict of interest as stated in the Constitution. Is this for the good of CR or one/all the CR Council members? These are important questions to answer in order to shed light on whether the Interim CRC works well for the decentralized budding ecosystem that is the CR.

The man behind the World Bank Suggestion turned Proposal was Interim Council Member was Kevin Zhang. He took the time to address some concerns of the community and CR Press regarding why this suggestion was passed so quickly:

“Someone asked me why this suggestion get proposed in only 24 hours, but other suggestion takes for days or weeks. Actually this idea is not new. It started a few months ago. I resigned as the Elastos US team leader position in March to devote more time to the early stage research of the World Bank Project. At that moment, this is just an idea, there is no solid technical solution yet. Of course, we should not propose something without technical validation. During this 2.5 months, I worked with the engineers of The World Bank Group and a professor of the GMU Cybersecurity Center, and we have found a technical solution to solve the World Bank’s problem. We also got another tech giant (sorry I cannot disclose its name due to NDA at this moment)’s support. So now we have four parties in this project. The technical solution is mature enough to propose and The World Bank would like to take the lead to develop a Proof of Concept to validate the technical idea. It takes about 3 months to get to this suggestion from Manhattan Project to CR. So this is not a 24 hours decision.”

Kevin Zhang’s conviction for The World Bank speaks volumes. He clearly believes that Elastos presents a firm technical solution to the World Bank’s problems which justifies this attractive proposal. He also explained that all the details of this project had taken months to devise. This proposal is a culmination of significant work. He is also the lone engineer for The World Bank project and he feels that there is a lot of potential with this partnership.

What did Kevin’s Interim Council Members think of the proposal? In short, the proposal was not passed. Here are the responses from the remaining two Interim Council Members that voted no:

Yipeng Su: “The main direction of development of the project and Elastos is not the same, and I personally do not agree with CR’s direct investment in some research projects, because it is too difficult to track and evaluate. But if the Manhattan Fund is willing to help CR do some investment management, I will support it.”

Feng Zhang: “The project is a long-term basic investment. The investment amount of a single project is relatively high, which is not suitable for direct investment by the cloud. Second, as I have previously proposed a similar ecological fund in the “Recommendations” section and in the forum, CR of such projects can be implemented through cooperation with relevant professional investment institutions, that is, let the corresponding professional investment institutions become the Yelaiyun Ecological Fund, and become the LPs or investors of the corresponding funds through CR, and on the other hand, make the CR-related investment become an investment interest. On the other hand, it also makes the rich resources of the relevant funds possible to feed back and come to the cloud ecology, which can be determined through specific investment agreements.”

Yipeng Su expressed concerns of this proposal not being in line with the Elastos project itself. He also doesn’t believe in some of CR’s direct investment in some research projects based on them being too hard to track and to fully evaluate. He sees the value in the Manhattan Fund helping with investment management, which he will support. Feng Zhang believes the investment amount for this project is too high and relationships and partnerships with other investment firms and organizations can be facilitated through various funds.

Did the CRC make the right decision not passing this Proposal? Was this in fact a conflict of interest all along? Even if it was, should it have passed?  While the idea of working with The World Bank is very exciting, all cards must be on the table at the Suggestion stage and the community needs to have all the information in order to make the best decision for the ecosystem.

With so much misstepping, did the CRC still work the way it was intended to work? Every single person in the community needs to dig deep and form opinions about the CRC and CR and speak up. The current Interim Council was not voted in, but rather was appointed by EF, so there is an aspect of centralization still.  But given that CR was intended to be a community built on community consensus, how important was our voice here? Were we heard at all?

Was this a game between centralized leaders merely pretending to listen to the community’s voice? Or was it a thoughtful and potentially important partnership proposal for the future of the ecosystem?

Everybody wants a decentralized democratic system that is completely fair to all community members. If there are conflicts or power moves in CR, we have the right to speak up and challenge the authority with our points of view. Democracy is messy and it takes hard discussions and dialogue to settle our differences and come together as one.

CR Terminology:

By Kenneth K.

As there are many terms to such a large project like Elastos and Cyber Republic, we’ve decided to build a growing glossary of terms that can help the less technically acquainted understand better what the tech means and the impact it could have. This week we’re focusing on Mining Pools.

Term: Mining Pools

“Mining pools are groups of cooperating miners who agree to share block rewards in proportion to their contributed mining hash power.

While mining pools are desirable to the average miner as they smooth out rewards and make them more predictable, they unfortunately concentrate power to the mining pool’s owner.

Miners can, however, choose to redirect their hashing power to a different mining pool at anytime.”

-Source: https://www.buybitcoinworldwide.com/mining/pools/

Layman’s Terms:

A mining pool is essentially an agreement to join forces with several other miners, and split the rewards no matter who actually mined a block (struck gold).  The organizer of the mining pool may have certain rules around the pool, but essentially, by pooling resources together there is a much more predictable and stable chance of earning income, even if the shared rewards  significantly decrease each payout.

In theory, the average payout of mining alone versus being with a pool over a length of time would be roughly the same, but this doesn’t account to changes in the mining climate.  What if your individual mining rig doesn’t ever mine a block because it’s too small to compete? Sure, it could happen that over ten, fifteen years, you mine a block all to yourself, but if the mining difficulty continues to increase, then your little rig may only have a near-impossible chance of mining a block as technology and mining difficulty continues to grow.  Remember, PoW consensus mechanisms are based purely on raw power, and raw power grows with technology.

Plus, isn’t it nice that, if one mining pool isn’t working out for you for any reason, you could quit or join another?  Especially with merged mining as with Elastos, where you could potentially earn mining rewards for multiple blockchains, switching to a pool that offers more rewards could be a major motivator.

That being said, since mining pools become so large, they are essentially centralizing their power.  If one mining pool, for instance, acquires 51% of the entire hash power of a blockchain, they could decide to change the blockchain all on their own.  This is the constant battle between decentralization and centralization, which is another reason that Elastos utilizes a hybrid consensus mechanism where Delegated Supernodes – trusted representatives – are the validators to the blocks mined.

Community Shout Out:


Noderators is independently building business relationships for CR!

International Community Events

Chinese Community

By Joel

Chinese Community Activities
DescriptionReference Link
亦来云超级节点选举json文件使用说明 User guide of JSON document for Elastos Supernode Electionhttps://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/Y02aoNBJVj8ZW35Fpf0YFg
Comparison between Elastos and its competitiorshttps://m.chainnode.com/post/329837
Thoughts on the bumpy road of Elastos developmenthttps://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/z6urRq32e–eZhcwYRF3Rw
从应用到组网,亦来云的广阔天地 From application to network system: the wide use of Elastoshttp://elastosfanszh.com/zixun/2019/0528/197.html
Looking into Elastos Supernode Election: community and ecosystem are the keys to success in competition among public chainhttps://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/nmg5upTgDlGoC1Yimx7HJg

Last week, Anypeer and BIT.GAME had meetups in ELA Talk. Let’s recap.

Anypeer: A social DApp based on Elastos

(original link: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/C8WJUBE_sfg201larZf5vA)

Currently, there are 5 members in the Anypeer team. Each has his own full-time job, so they develop the Anypeer app in their spare time.  This is why it will be a bit longer for the iOS version to come, but the community can test the Android version for now.

Anypeer was developed with just a plain chatting function using Carrier, including text, emojis, pictures, audio and video support. It also allowed sending test ELA to friends. The major update to the latest version is:

  1. Support the deposit and withdraw of mainnet ELA.
  2. Support carrier-based group chat function.
  3. Enhanced Anybot, which is a “common friend” of all users of AnyPeer. At present, the group chats are temporary. Going offline and re-entering the DApp will not join the previous group chat without an invitation. The main function of Anybot is to invite each now-online friend to enter the corresponding group chat. In this latest version, Anybot is now able to send random ELA rewards to eligible users.
  4. Added a node page to the DApp. You can see the candidate nodes, such as the number of votes, rankings, and so on.

AnyPeer is a social DApp based on Elastos. When Elastos Hive is ready, new functions will be added so that chat information can be stored. Later, games based on Elastos Smart Contract Sidechain will be added, after the release of iOS version. Practical functions that use ELA for transactions will also be added to Anypeer to increase user loyalty.

BIT.GAME: From DApp to DeFi, how BIT.GAME create the game ecology for Elastos

(origingal post: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/4xcJU0z0xmo-ze9ecvjjeA)

BIT.GAME has introduced popular blockchain games such as ELAFish and Neoworld. DeFi is the abbreviation for decentralized finance. This concept has been in existence in previous years, but it has become popular recently. Many people find that they have numerous digital assets, but DeFi monetizes these assets. In fact, the ongoing supernode election of Elastos is a type of DeFi.

BIT.GAME has summarized their development progress of DApps and DeFi. It can be said that the Elastos’ development in this respect is advanced. Neoworld and FISHCHAIN were introduced by BIT.GAME to Elastos in July 2018 and October 2018 respectively, and they have explored the model of game tokens actively. In August 2019, ELAFish will operate as its own brand.

As for the development trajectory of DApp to DeFi, there are a variety of applications in the Elastos ecosystem.  When people use different applications in the Elastos ecosystem, they use ELA to exchange to different tokens, which makes ELA less liquid over time for several reasons.  One of the main purposes of DeFi is to rejuvenate the liquidity and the usage of ELA. There are two directions that DeFi is developing, namely staking and token pledges as a stable currency. Staking allows one to earn dividends from holding token or voting in DPoS election, as in the case of Elastos. With game assets, they are valuable as there is a consensus among gamers of their value. Therefore, the next step that BIT.GAME is taking is to make the digital assets issued on Elastos more liquid through the financial tools of DeFi.

BIT.GAME has done thorough research on DeFi applications and scenarios on the market, and will launch a staking website based on the Elastos Supernodes in July this year.  A stable currency based on the games on Elastos will come in September, allowing community users to increase the liquidity of their game assets bought with ELA. They believe that gaming is the field which will be first to gather a large amount of users for any public chain, and BIT.GAME hopes everyone can join and support these initiatives when they are ready.

Interview:  Kevin Zhang and Sunny Feng Han

By Joel

Subject: World Bank Group PoC Project by Manhattan Project Foundation

1. Can you tell us more about the hardware mentioned in the official Suggestion? What type of hardware is this? Is the funding for the Proof of Concept sufficient for the hardware prototype and marketing?

Kevin: Our experiments are not intended to design or to produce any dedicated hardware. Instead, we plan on using general and low-cost hardware that is already available. This includes several kinds of hardware. One is the TPM on the PC. This chip is already available on all PCs produced in the last decade or so. This is the necessary hardware for all PCs since Windows 8, unless Windows is not used. This hardware is estimated to be less than $1 in cost, and it is not necessary to buy or install separately.

The other is the Raspberry Pi, a card-type microcomputer with a price of $35, which can freely run our modified Linux system and dedicated security software. A Zymbit security chip is required on this Raspberry Pi for $40. Because the market is small, the price is high. If there is mass production, the cost could be just a few dollars.

Apart from the TPM chip that is less than $1, the Raspberry Pi and the Zymbit security chip are experimental. If this method proves to be safe and feasible, it is not necessary to use these two products in subsequent mass production. In the case of large-scale financial support, the total cost of mass production of a dedicated security chip and a card machine should be around $20.

We will not try to produce this hardware now, because it is absolutely unnecessary to spend money on the hardware. The hardware available on the market is enough. Our main work is in mathematics and software engineering.

In the next 5-10 years, if this field is really growing, there will be a large number of hardware manufacturers making various grades of hardware to comply with this new security standard. We are not interested in producing the hardware. That is something that manufacturers like Huawei are keen on. Our interest lies in protocols and algorithms. This is equal to the ownership of the initial token.

So this project sounds hardware-related (and it is hardware-related), but the difference is that our research is not about producing hardware and instead about developing a software protocol. Just like Bitcoin, some entities produce hardware, but that wasn’t the job of Nakamoto.

The answer to the question of whether the funds are sufficient for the market and hardware prototypes is that we are not in the stage of market penetration now. Moreover, we don’t need to produce the hardware ourselves. The cost of buying a dozen or so these types of hardware is merely a few thousands of dollars. The main expenses are labor costs. Mathematicians and software security experts, engineers, and hackers who are at the level we need are extremely expensive. Designing such a system is not something that engineers who just build websites and mobile apps can do.

2. How will the project use the funds requested from CR, and how was the amount of 100,000 ELA determined?

Sunny: The 100,000 ELA which was applied for in CR, together with my personal 50,000 ELA, are dedicated to the World Bank project, which aims to develop some kind of hardware as a Root of Trust. This is also the trusted computing environment of Elastos. The goal is to expand the scenarios that Elastos can cover in  trusted computing for enterprise users. Why it is 100,000 ELA? 100,000 ELA is obviously not enough at the moment. But we will use this as a mortgage, and then gradually release it, rather than spending all of it at once. It will not affect the secondary market.

3. How will Asset Mortgage Funding work without selling ELA? When and how will the ELA be used?

Sunny: Together with additional ELA from CRC that the Manhattan Project Fund may apply for, we will work to benefit Elastos by improving its ability to accommodate more applications. We are optimistic that the 150,000 ELA can grow with the whole ecosystem. They will be released after about one and a half years and will not be released at once. Gradual releases will attract more funds to support this project.

4. Can you introduce the tokenomics of the project? Can this project use ELA directly?

Sunny: The project will definitely use ELA, according to the current plan, at least with merge-mining. As for its own tokenomics, because this project is designed to serve the World Bank first, it is still at a stage of technical experimentation, and the team has not yet had the time to design the tokenomics. It has to be successful on the fundamentals before developing its tokenomics.

5. Does CR benefit – tangibly and/or intangibly – in any other way from its invested ELA?

Sunny: Regarding the benefits of the CRC’s invested ELA, I first must say that the intangible benefits are huge, because the investment enables the cooperation with institutions like The World Bank. As for other benefits, I believe that it expands the potential for enterprise users to use trusted computing, in particular the trusted computing provided by Elastos. It can also greatly improve the efficiency of the smart contracts because it does not require every node to verify a smart contract, only a single node. Other nodes serve to monitor whether that designated node is undergoing trusted computing. I think that only when this tech is realized, the smart contracts of all DApps can really be truly powerful and practically useful.

CR Forum Topic Highlights

By YY

We’ve summarized some of the popular topics of this week:

Thoughts on the Road Full of Twists and Turns for Elastos Development

Ding Ning from Ruolan Supernode has posted another topic full of thought provoking questions with regard to the Elastos development. He believes that there is always a process in which new things are recognised and accepted. What innovations are there in Elastos that are not going to be easily adopted?

  • Reinterpreting the world computer on the blockchain through network architecture. This is a high-level concept.
  • Integrating the internet under the management of the operating system (OS) and building a generation of internet OS is a new idea.
  • The function of the Elastos public blockchain is similar to fingerprint recognition on mobile phones. It is just a trust module.
  • The biggest difference between Elastos and other blockchain projects is the concept of a decentralised carrier which needs to be built from scratch away from the entire internet architecture.
  • The internet governance mechanism of the Cyber Republic is something new for people from different cultures, nationalities, and races in the world.

Ding Ning also mentions that Elastos involves substantial systems engineering, and the completion of its basic infrastructure is a long-term process. If you can read Chinese and are interested in this topic, please click the following link:

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/topic/1198

Two Ideas for Elastos Development

William Zhang has created this topic to share his ideas for Elastos development. He mentioned that the goal of Elastos is to build a smart web to provide a trustless operating environment for digital assets. However, the realisation of this task requires a huge amount of basic development. Two ideas that William proposed are as follows:

  • Elastos’ role as both a public blockchain and ecosystem is an important key to its success. Achieving some basic functions such as token issuance is an important means to attract developers and ecological application projects.
  • Elastos is providing the underlying infrastructure for developers to look at the product development process outside of a centralised mindset, but it should be viewed with a community-based or product developers’ perspectives that, in order to continuously improve the stability, reliability and security of the underlying infrastructure is paramount.

If you are interested in this topic, you may join the discussion and leave your comments in the following link:

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/topic/1212

A Game of Manhattan

CR Press team has posted an opinion article with regard to the suggestion of a project with The World Bank and The Manhattan Fund. The suggestion was created by Sunny Feng and Kevin Zhang on 25 May 2019 and was turned into a proposal within 24 hours. This has worried some in the community because the suggestion seemed to have received special treatment versus other suggestions which took weeks or months to turn into proposals.

This article highlights some valid points regarding the issue of conflict of interest. In the end, the proposal of Manhattan project was downvoted by both Su Yipeng and Feng Zhang. Some of the questions raised in this article are as follows:

  • Did the Cyber Republic Consensus (CRC) still work the way it was intended to work?
  • Did the CRC make the right decision not passing this proposal?
  • Was this in fact a conflict of interest all along? Even if it was, should it have passed?
  • Was this a game between centralised leaders merely pretending to listen to the community’s voice?

While the idea of working with the World Bank is very exciting, the community needs to have all the necessary information to make the best decision for the ecosystem. If you would like discuss and leave your comments on this topic, please click the following link:

https://news.cyberrepublic.org/manhattangame/

ELIP-1 (ELIP Purpose and Guidelines) for discussion

Su Yipeng has posted a topic about Elastos Improvement Proposals (ELIP). An ELIP is a design document that provides information, describes processes, and introduces new features to the Elastos community. Some of the areas covered by this post are:

  • Scope of Elastos infrastructure
  • Types of ELIP (e.g. standards tracking, process and informational)
  • Status and workflow
  • Content element (e.g. abstract, specifications, motivation, rationale etc.)
  • Format and template
  • Ownership and rewards
  • CRC secretariat responsibilities and workflow

If you are interested in this topic, please review and the guidelines and leave your comments in the following link:

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/elip-1-elip-purpose-and-guidlines-for-disscusion/1201/5

Thoughts on Elastos FAQ (Part 1)

Ding Ning has created a topic surrounding some frequently asked questions about Elastos project:

a) Is Elastos a public blockchain project?

  • Elastos is not a simple public blockchain and is fundamentally different from other public blockchain projects
  • It is a blockchain-driven smart web (new generation of internet)
  • It will not support smart contracts and will not directly face customers. It only provides functions like ID, traceability and scarcity

b) As Elastos does not have a token model design, how can it form a closed-loop economy?

  • Elastos offers a fast integration solution and is free
  • Many people think that the Elastos is a public welfare project
  • The value of ELA lies in various application scenarios in the future
  • In the Elastos ecosystem, ELA is digital gold, similar to the position that bitcoin already has in the world.
  • As more and more applications enter this secured, trustless and decentralised internet environment, everyone needs to use ELA as transaction fees because all applications need to interact with their affiliated channels.

c) What is the biggest difference between Elastos and other public blockchain projects?

  • The biggest difference lies in the concept of a decentralised carrier
  • If there is no decentralised carrier, it is necessary to rely on a centralised network operation center, such as Tencent, Sina, Facebook etc.
  • From Elastos’ perspective, to achieve a smart web, a decentralised peer-to-peer network operator like a mobile phone operator is needed

If you are can read Chinese and are interested in this topic, please click the following link:

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/topic/1200

Topics highlights

Check out these hot topics to see if there is anything that you can contribute to, or simply express your thoughts to help make the forum a truly vibrant community.

Top new topics

Thoughts on the Road Full of Twists and Turns for Elastos Development

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/topic/1198

Two Ideas for Elastos Development

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/topic/1212

A Game of Manhattan: https://news.cyberrepublic.org/manhattangame/

ELIP-1 (ELIP Purpose and Guidelines) for discussion

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/elip-1-elip-purpose-and-guidlines-for-disscusion/1201/5

Thoughts on Elastos FAQ (Part 1)

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/topic/1200

Developer Looking for a Project

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/developer-looking-for-a-project/1191

Top active topics (in terms of number of views and replies)

Hyper.im – Peer-to-Peer Instant Messenger

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/hyper-im-peer-to-peer-instant-messenger/289

Option Incentive Scheme for Elastos Brand Promotion

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/english-option-incentive-scheme-for-elastos-brand-promotion/814/38

Voter Reward Payout Script for DPoS Nodes

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/voter-reward-payout-script-for-dpos-nodes/753/13

Marketing & awareness of Elastos & The Cyber Republic https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/marketing-awareness-of-elastos-the-cyber-republic/102/8

Bi-weekly livestream with Rong Chen

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/bi-weekly-livestream-with-rong-chen/107/7

Supernode Pool Recruitment and Q & A

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/supernode-pool-recruitment-and-q-a/648/25

Hyber.im – Beta now available

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/hyper-im-beta-now-available/348/15

dApp idea thread

https://forum.cyberrepublic.org/t/dapp-idea-thread/342/12

Official CR Press Sponsors:

Glossary:

Elastos Hive Cluster: a decentralized File Storage Service that based on IPFS cluster.

Elastos Unity:  a Javascript framework for developing dapps, similar to Trinity’s Ionic framework, but native to Android and iOS.

Elastos Sidechain: a scaling solution that utilizes parallel blockchains to the main chain in order decrease transaction congestion on the main chain.

Elastos Private Net: a private developer environment for local app testing on the Elastos Blockchain and Sidechains.

Elastos Runtime: the environment that code can run on, like an encyclopedia or a library about a new world in which digital assets are run under the blockchain.

DPoS:  Delegated Proof of Stake is a method of finding blockchain consensus in which specific machines (delegates) are trusted with the power to verify transactions.  These delegates are voted in by the community.

Elastos DID:  An Elastos sidechain that can be integrated with any other sidechain on Elastos. Its function is to provide a unique identity to a user and to store that user’s data in a secure, decentralized, and provable way.

Merged Mining: Mining two blockchains at the same time without any additional resource consumption.  This allows a smaller blockchain to “piggyback” the power of a larger chain and leverage the security of its hash power.  In Elastos’ case, the larger chain is Bitcoin.

DDoS Attack: Distributed Denial of Service–An attack that renders an online service dysfunctional by overwhelming it with traffic from multiple sources.

Hash Rate: The computing speed at which a mining machine can operate.

Decentralized Application (DApp):  An application built on a decentralized peer-to-peer network that is not controlled by any single authority.

Cold Storage:  A digital wallet stored on a platform not connected to the internet.  This protects from unauthorized access, cyber hacks, and other vulnerabilities to which  any system connected to the internet is susceptible.

Hackathon: A high intensity meetup, often spanning days, where programmers can work exclusively on anything they want in a collaborative manner.

Block Explorer: A Block Explorer is an online browser displaying the contents of a blockchain’s blocks, transactions, hashes, histories and balances of addresses.

Internet of Things (IoT): Objects that can record and transmit data, communicating directly with one another without human interference.

Mining Pool: A group of miners who combine their hash power and share their rewards in order to have a higher probability of solving blocks.

Feel free to leave a comment with your concerns, questions, and suggestions (or praises), for the Cyber Republic.

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